Sexual Assaults by Asylum Seekers in Europe may be Normal Behaviour   1 comment


This is not intended to be a piece on Islamophobia.  However, misogyny in Islamic cultures is a proven and profound phenomena that is real.  It has ancient traditions that linger on into contemporary times. This is an objective report on what may have been behind the assaults in Europe.

BBC

A German town has banned male asylum seekers from a public swimming pool after women complained of harassment.  A government official in Bornheim said men from a nearby asylum shelter would be barred until they “got the message” that such behaviour was not acceptable.

It follows outrage over hundreds of sexual assaults in nearby Cologne and other German cities on New Year’s Eve. Those attacks, by men of mainly Arab and North African origin, raised tensions over the influx of migrants.

More than 1.1 million people claimed asylum in Germany in 2015.

The head of the social affairs department in Bornheim – about 20km (12 miles) south of Cologne – said the move to ban migrant men followed increasing number of reports of inappropriate behaviour from female swimmers and staff members.

“There have been complaints of sexual harassment and chatting-up going on in this swimming pool… by groups of young men, and this has prompted some women to leave,” Markus Schnapka told Reuters.

He said none of the complaints involved a crime being committed, but that social workers in the town would help to ensure the asylum seekers changed their behaviour.

It is unclear how this rule will be enforced, although Germany is set to introduce new ID cards for migrants in February.

Support falling

Correspondents say the pool ban is the latest sign of increased tensions following the Cologne attacks.

On Thursday, the authorities in another town in west Germany, Rheinberg, cancelled a carnival parade planned for February over security concerns.

Rheinberg’s public security chief, Jonny Strey, told German media that events in Cologne had influenced the decision and that officials were worried about from men from migrant backgrounds misbehaving.

Rheinberg Mayor Frank Tatzel later denied this, according to Reuters.

Cologne authorities expressed concern about the city’s own carnival in February following the NYE attacks, promising to step up security and public awareness.

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Taharrush jamaʿi (Arabic: تحرش جماعي taḥarrush jamāʿī, Egyptian pronunciation taḥarrush game’a, lit. “collective harassment”) is a type of sexual harassment and sexual assault of women by groups of men on the street that may involve rape, beating and name-calling, groping, sexual invitations and robbery. The assault usually happens under the protective cover provided by large gatherings or crowds, typically mass events, including protests, rallies, concerts, and public festivals.

The general term taharrusch and further combinations like Taḥarrush el-ginsy (Arabic: تحرش جنسي sexual harassment) have played a controversial role in Egypt since the political turmoils in the 2000s. In the beginning, Egyptian security forces have been blamed to use sexual harassment on female activists and participants of public demonstrations and rallies. The behavior has however spread and is being used by crowds of young men to harass female persons in the public space. Taharrush is a symptom of misogynous ideology according to Farhana Mayer, senior researcher at the Quilliam Foundation, theology department. Women are punished for being in public.

Before 2006 the term El taḥarrush mainly referred to the molestation of minors and young people. Already during the Egyptian constitutional referendum, 2005 female activists reported cases of being harrassed by police personnel and hired agents provocateurs during demonstrations and rallies. Taharrush then started to be used as a political means. On the Eid al-Fitr holiday in 2006, a crowd of young men harassing women and girls in the inner city after they had been denied access to a local cinema gained notoriety in Egyptian social media. A study provided by an Egyptian NGO (and partially funded by the EU) described various forms of taharrush and introduced the term Taḥarrush el-ginsy, sexual harassment including group-related incidents.

In 2008 a local movie maker, Noha Rushdie, was the first woman to win a court case against a molester. Movies have some importance as a medium, as they allow depiction of current events and topics as well for an illiterate audience in Egypt.  Ihkî yâ Shahrâzâd (Les Filles du Caire, from Yusrî Nasr Allâh, in 2009) and 678 (Arabic: فيلم ٦٧٨ – feelm sitta seba’ thamaniyya) in 2010 were among the first to show various forms of tarrush in Egypt in cinema. 678 (the number of a bus line) caused some controversies in Egypt but got an award at the 2010 Dubai International Film Festival and has been published in various countries (e.g. 2012 as Kairo 678 in Germany). It depicts three women of various backgrounds: the first uses a knife to defend herself against attacks, the second is being harassed in a group in the presence of her husband, who is not able to help her. Her marriage fails afterwards. The third one activates a group of people to help her against a single molester. While her filing of a report to the police is being blocked by officers, she is invited to appear on a TV show, as she was the first Egyptian woman to file a report for harassment.

The Egyptian Revolution of 2011 saw an enforcement of the use of sexual harassment as a means of denying women and female activists access to public spaces and rallies and as a well a larger counter-movement by NGOs and women’s organizations. The counter strategies involved have been discussed in research papers. Some taharrush-related incidents made national news in Egypt and gained notoriety on social networks. After 9 March 2011, a day after International Women’s Day, some feminist activists arrested during a rally on Tahrir Square were forced to have their virginity inspected. Mobile phone videos like the Blue Bra or Tahrir Girl, (Sit al Banat in Arab), an unknown person covered in an abaya and undressed in Cairo went viral. The phenomenon first came to the attention of Western media after an instance of an Egyptian taharrush jama’i attack hit headlines when a prominent female foreigner, CBS reporter Lara Logan, was assaulted by hundreds of men in Cairo’s Tahrir Square during her reporting of theEgyptian Revolution of 2011.

During the period of the Mohammed Mursi government, the incidents became even more violent. A gathering of women survivors of such treatment on the eve of the second anniversary of the Egyptian revolution (on 25 January 2013) met at Cafe Riche (Talaat Harb close to Tahrir square) concluded to start a larger political initiative. They gained support from a variety of NGOs and political parties against the use of sexual harassment by the police forces. Lamis El Hadidy, a TV anchorwoman and political analyst, used the topic in a TV transmission in February 2013.  A first attempt to change the penal law, supported e.g. by Amr Hamzawy failed. The ruling party made women participating in public rallies personally responsible for such incidents. In March 2013, the Muslim Brotherhood provided a strongly worded statement against the UN Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women as a danger for Egyptian cultural norms and society. The massive participation of women in the public rallies was one of the reasons for the controversies.

A working paper of the Institute of Development Studies (IDS, a research charity affiliated to the University of Sussex) describes the phenomenon, the legal situation and the answers in civil society.  After a further incident in 2014 made news, when at the Cairo University College of Law a woman had been harassed by a large group of men and had to be escorted to safety by the police, the Egyptian penal law has been partially adjusted.

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According the newspaper Die Welt, the Bundeskriminalamt, the German Federal Crime office mentioned Taharrush gamea in an internal paper laid out after an conference with executives from the various Länder police forces. The newspaper article on 10th of January made international news. Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung Beirut correspondent Stephan Erhardt reported about the weird career of the term Taharrush gamea: E.g. the German Wikipedia article started based on that announcement and used the slightly wrong (in German, Taharrusch dschame’a would be appropriate) transcription of the BKA.

A North Rhine-Westphalia Ministry of Justice report to the parliamentary comittee of the Interior described “taharrush gamea” as the Arabic term for a modus operandi that it described as a form of group sexual harassment that takes place in crowds. It compared as well the 2015 New Year’s Eve Cologne incident to incidents that took place in Cairo’s Tahrir Square during the Egyptian Revolution of 2011. Reports by the North Rhine-Westphalia interior ministry and the German Federal Criminal Police Office attributed the New Year’s Eve sexual assaults in Germany to the practice. The perpetrators were said to have been “almost exclusively” of “North African and Arab” recently arrived migrant background. However there are some important differences – the main driver behind the (group related) phenomen in Egypt have been political interests and even governments themselves, which was not the case in Cologne.

Finnish migration authorities informed Helsinki police and made them aware of planned Taharrush attempts before New years eve 2015. Similar to Cologne, a large crowd of (about 20.000) people, including about 1.000 refugees gathered around the Helsinki Central station and the Senate square in Helsinki. The police was present with a massive force and arranged for a dozen of preliminary arrests in refugee’s asylums. Compared to Cologne, the whole event went quite peaceful and without larger incidents, a further dozen of men has been arrested during the night but were set free the day after.

According to Russian author and pundit Yulia Latynina, “Taharrush is a new social phenomenon when visitors of Europe commit violence against European women in crowded places”.

Charlie Hebdo pulled no punches:

A cartoon in the French satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo has caused online shock by suggesting drowned toddler Alan Kurdi would have grown up to be a sexual abuser like those immigrants allegedly involved in the assaults in Cologne.

Under the headline “Migrants”, the drawing shows two lascivious pig-like men with their tongues hanging out chasing two terrified, screaming women who are running away.

An insert at the top the cartoon contains the famous image of three year old Syrian boy laying face down dead in the sand. The question at the top of the drawing “What would little Aylan have grown up to be?” is answered at the bottom by “Ass groper in Germany”.

charlie

I guess Charlie may have an axe to grind. As Muslim terrorists butchers killed many of their staff.

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Posted January 16, 2016 by markosun in Uncategorized

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One response to “Sexual Assaults by Asylum Seekers in Europe may be Normal Behaviour

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  1. I find your (and anybody else’s) use of white text to be very hard on the eyes to read. This current blog post is quite relevant today and I would love to read it , but it is just too hard to read as presented.
    I guess at first it’s ‘cool’ to use white text but the end result is that it’s not.
    Hoping you see the value of regular black text and make the appropriate change.
    Thank you.

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