German Tiger compared to the U.S. Abrams   Leave a comment


The infamous World War II German Tiger tank was a very formidable battle machine. To destroy one, it would take three to four US Sherman tanks to attack it from behind. How would that beast compare with a modern U.S. M1-Abrams main battle tank?

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tank

Abrams left and Tiger

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Tiger

Type Heavy tank
Place of origin Nazi Germany
Service history
In service 1942–45
Wars World War II
Production history
Designer Erwin Aders
Henschel & Son
Designed 1941
Manufacturer Henschel
Unit cost 250,800 RM
Produced 1942–44
Number built 1,347
Specifications (RfRuK VK 4501H Ausf.E, Blatt: G-330)
Weight 54 tonnes (60 short tons)
Length 6.316 m (20 ft 8.7 in)
8.45 m (27 ft 9 in) gun forward
Width 3.56 m (11 ft 8 in)
Height 3.0 m (9 ft 10 in)
Crew 5

Armour 25–120 mm (0.98–4.72 in)
Main
armament
1× 8.8 cm KwK 36 L/56
92 rounds
Secondary
armament
2× 7.92 mm MG 34
4,500 rounds
Engine Maybach HL230 P45 V-12
700 PS (690 hp, 515 kW)
Power/weight 13 PS/t (9.6 kW/t)
Suspension torsion bar
Ground clearance 0.47 m (1 ft 7 in)
Fuel capacity 540 L (140 US gal) including reserve
Operational
range
110–195 km (68–121 mi)
Speed 45.4 km/h (28.2 mph)

Gun range: 1,100 meters

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M1-Abrams

Type Main battle tank
Place of origin United States
Service history
In service 1980–present
Wars Persian Gulf War
War in Afghanistan
Iraq War
War on ISIL
Saudi Arabian–led intervention in Yemen
Production history
Designer Chrysler Defense (now General Dynamics Land Systems)
Designed 1972–79
Manufacturer Lima Army Tank Plant (since 1980)
Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant (1982–1996)
Unit cost US$6.21 million (M1A2 / FY99) Estimated in 2016 as US$8.92 million (with inflation adjustment)
Produced 1979–present
Number built 10,000
Variants See variants
Specifications
Weight M1: 60 short tons (54 t)
M1A1: 63 short tons (57 t)
M1A2: 72 short tons (65 t)
Length Gun forward: 32.04 ft (9.77 m)
Hull length: 26.02 ft (7.93 m)
Width 12 ft (3.66 m)
Height 8 ft (2.44 m)
Crew 4 (commander, gunner, loader, driver)

Armor M1, M1A1: Burlington composite armor
M1A1HA, M1A2: depleted uranium mesh-reinforced composite armor

  • M1: Hull & turret –
    350 mm / 470 mm vs APFSDS,
    650 mm / 700 mm vs HEAT
  • M1A1: Hull & turret –
    600 mm vs APFSDS,
    700 mm vs HEAT
  • M1A1HA: Hull –
    600 mm vs APFSDS,
    700 mm vs HEAT,
    Turret –
    600 mm / 800 mm vs APFSDS,
    1,300  mm vs HEAT
Main
armament
M1: 105 mm L/52 M68 rifled gun (55 rounds)
M1A1: 120 mm L/44 M256A1 smoothbore gun (40 rounds)
M1A2: 120 mm L/44 M256A1 smoothbore gun (42 rounds)
Secondary
armament
1 × .50-caliber (12.7 mm) M2HB heavy machine gun with 900 rounds
2 × 7.62 mm (.308 in) M240 machine guns with 10,400 rounds (1 pintle-mounted, 1 coaxial)
Engine Honeywell AGT1500C multi-fuel turbine engine
1,500 shp (1,120 kW)
Power/weight From 26.9 hp/t (20.05 kW/t) to 23.8 hp/t (17.74 kW/t)
Transmission Allison DDA X-1100-3B
Suspension High-hardness-steel torsion bars with rotary shock absorbers
Ground clearance M1, M1A1: 0.48 m (1 ft 7 in)
M1A2: 0.43 m (1 ft 5 in)
Fuel capacity 500 US gallons (1,900 l; 420 imp gal)
Operational
range
M1A2: 426 km (265 mi)
Speed M1A1: Road 45 mph (72 km/h) (governed);
Off-road: 30 mph (48 km/h)
M1A2: Road 42 mph (67 km/h) (governed);
Off-road: 25 mph (40 km/h)

Gun range: 2,500 meters

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Tiger on the right

 

tank8

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tank1

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The Israelis build their own tanks, the Merkava.

 

tank2

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Posted August 31, 2016 by markosun in Military, Weapons

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