Archive for the ‘Drugs’ Category
Alcohol consumption in Russia stays among the highest in the world. According to the WHO 2011 report, annual per capita consumption was about 15.76 litres, fourth highest volume in Europe. Another dangerous trait of Russian alcohol consumption pattern was high volume of spirits compared to other consumed alcohol drinks.
Russia currently implements a variety of anti-alcoholism measures (banning spirits and beer trade at night, raising taxes, and others). According to medicine officials, these policies result in a considerable fall of alcohol consumption volumes, to 13.5 litres by 2013, and wine and beer taking over spirits as the main source of consumed alcohol. These levels are more comparable with European Union averages. Alcohol producers claim falling legal drinks consumption is accompanied by growth of sales of illegally produced drinks.
High volumes of alcohol consumption have serious negative effects on Russia’s social fabric and in its political, economic and public health ramifications. Alcoholism has been a problem throughout the country’s history because drinking is a pervasive, socially acceptable behavior in Russian society. It has also been a major source of government revenue for centuries. It has repeatedly been targeted as a major national problem, with mixed results.
A Russian World War II veteran and a Chinese businessman drink a toast to mark the upcoming Victory Day, in a Chinese restaurant in Vladivostok, Russia’s Far Eastern port about 9,300 kilometers (some 5,750 miles) east of Moscow, Wednesday, May 6, 2009. Chinese businessmen invited Russian World War II veterans to celebrate the anniversary of the World War II victory in a Chinese restaurant. Russia celebrates the anniversary of the allied victory over Nazi Germany on May 9. (AP Photo)
A study by Russian, British and French researchers published in The Lancet scrutinized deaths between 1990 and 2001 of residents of three Siberian industrial towns with typical mortality rates and determined that 52% of deaths of people between the ages of 15 and 54 were the result of alcohol abuse. Lead researcher Professor David Zaridze estimated that the increase in alcohol consumption since 1987 has caused an additional three million deaths nationwide.
In 2007, Gennadi Onishenko, the country’s chief public health official, voiced his concern over the nearly threefold rise in alcohol consumption over the past 16 years; one in eight deaths was attributed to alcohol-related diseases, playing a major role in Russia’s population decline. Men are particularly hit hard: according to a U.N. National Human Development Report, Russian males born in 2006 had a life expectancy of just over 60 years, or 17 years fewer than western Europeans, while Russian females could expect to live 13 years longer than their male counterparts.
In June 2009, the Public Chamber of Russia reported over 500,000 alcohol-related deaths annually, noting that Russians consume about 18 litres (4.0 imp gal; 4.8 US gal) of spirits a year, more than double the 8 litres (1.8 imp gal; 2.1 US gal) that World Health Organization experts consider dangerous.
In the early 1980s, an estimated “two-thirds of murders and violent crimes were committed by intoxicated persons; and drunk drivers were responsible for 14,000 traffic deaths and 60,000 serious traffic injuries”. In 1995, about three quarters of those arrested for homicide were under the influence of alcohol, and 29% of respondents reported that children beaten within families were the victims of drunks and alcoholics.
A 1997 report published in the Journal of Family Violence, found that among male perpetrators of spousal homicide, 60–75% of offenders had been drinking prior to the incident.
The term ‘psychoactive drug’ is used to describe any chemical substance that affects mood, perception or consciousness as a result of changes in the functioning of the nervous system (brain and spinal cord).
Psychoactive drugs are divided into 3 groups:
- depressants: they slow down the central nervous system; for example: tranquillisers, alcohol, petrol, heroin and other opiates, cannabis (in low doses)
- stimulants: they excite the nervous system; for example: nicotine, amphetamines, cocaine, caffeine
- hallucinogens: they distort how things are perceived; for example: LSD, mescaline, ‘magic mushrooms’, cannabis (in high doses)
A few DOORS to contemplate:
Early effects of an LSD trip
LSD trip two hours in
Cheap Sherry combined with Tylenol 3
After the Liberal party formed a majority government after the Canadian federal election, 2015, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announced that a federal-provincial-territorial process was being created to discuss a jointly suitable process for the legalization of cannabis possession for casual use. The plan was to remove cannabis consumption and incidental possession from the Criminal Code; however, new laws would be enacted for greater punishment of those convicted of supplying pot to minors and impairment while driving a motor vehicle. In November 2015, Justice Minister Jody Wilson-Raybould said that she and the ministers of Health and Public Safety were working on specifics as to the legislation. During the annual Cannabis holiday in April 2016, Health Minister Jane Philpott announced the government’s plan to introduce new legislation to the House of Commons the following spring.
In June 2016, Health Canada announced the newly formed (Task Force on Marijuana Legalization and Regulation,) created to seek input on the design of a new system to legalize, strictly regulate and restrict access to marijuana. The chair person of the panel was former federal Liberal cabinet minister Anne McLellan. An open public consultation form was available for Canadians from July to August 2016.
On December 13, 2016 the TFMLR announced the Logistics of the grow-op.
The undisclosed location has been revealed to be somewhere within the Flin Flon, Manitoba, municipal boundary perimeter.
State of the Art hydroponics combined with nuclear powered heat lamp renewable energy sources will allow non-stop plant reproduction.
The Flin Flon facility will improve employee morale by providing the following: subsidized haircuts for employees who determine cannabis compatibility with top market rolling papers. A steam room that has animatronics alligator wrestling. Also provided will be 52 centimetre T.V.’s plugged into the bathroom wall.
This a big complex facility.
A view of the inside blast dry tunnel that can dry down 24 metric tons of cannabis in 2 hours.
Check out Colorado, from the Denver Post. http://www.denverpost.com/2016/12/12/colorado-marijuana-shops-billions-in-cannabis-pot/
As British Columbia continues to grapple with skyrocketing rates of fentanyl overdoses, a new study confirms that the highly potent opioid has tainted the majority of drugs on the streets of Vancouver.
Insite, the city’s safe injection facility—and the first of its kind in North America—has found that 86 percent of drugs it tested from July to August contained fentanyl, which is more potent than heroin and around 100 times stronger than morphine. Free drug tests were offered for the first time as part of an ongoing pilot study to help inform people about what’s really in their substances.
Addictions specialists say the results, although from a small sample, signal that Canada’s fentanyl crisis is only getting worse, and other provinces across the country are likely to see similar trends in the near future.
Dr. David Juurlink, head of the clinical and pharmacology department at the University of Toronto said:
“People who use these products are playing Russian roulette,” he said. “It’s now a massive addiction problem, and we need to keep our minds open to any measures that will reduce harm in people who have addictions.” He said the importance of safe injection sites and other harm reduction tools.
“The epidemic is such that any intervention is worth considering, whether it’s testing, safe injection site—nothing should be off the table.”
Public health authorities have ramped up their monitoring of overdoses and overdose deaths in the province, releasing new data every few months. So far, 433 drug overdose deaths have been reported during the first six months of this year—a 75 percent jump from 2015—238 of which are said to have involved fentanyl.
There were 274 fentanyl-related overdose deaths in Alberta last year, and 153 so far this year as of June.
Health Canada has been heavily criticized for its lack of leadership on the opioid crisis, leaving provinces to act on their own.
On Wednesday, the department put out a statement saying it was moving to restrict six chemicals that are used to make illicit fentanyl. Health Canada is expected to host a national opioid summit at some point this fall.
BC overdoses as of March 2016
Overdose deaths up from 40 a month in 2015 to 64 a month this year
Drug overdose deaths have reached an average of 64 per month, up from 40 per month last year despite a public health emergency called last month.
Provincial health officer Dr. Perry Kendall also says the percentage of overdoses involving fentanyl has jumped to 49 per cent from less than a third in 2015.
Kendall says better info is going to be needed to get a handle on the overdose crisis, and on Thursday morning, orders for information gathering went out to ERs and ambulances across the province.
“With the mapping we’re getting from B.C. Ambulance, we can get to location. We can get to time of day where they’re responding to overdoses, and that will tell us exactly where we should target our resources,” he told On The Coast guest host Gloria Macarenko.
Kendall says the declaration of a public health emergency has seen some positive results, including more awareness, more Naloxone being given to drug-using patients when they are discharged from hospitals and discussions at the municipal level to request supervised injection sites from Health Canada.
The data also shows overdose deaths have jumped 327 percent since 2008, and Kendall says long-term solutions might require more than medical action.
“The logical answer, if we didn’t have moral qualms or political qualms or ethical qualms, would be to offer people a safer alternative,” he said.
“But that means a prescription alternative and that is completely contrary to most of our drug policies … so that is a political or policy challenge.”
Kendall says he’s hopeful about the wider availability of Suboxone in B.C., an opioid replacement drug safer than methadone, and he’s hopeful it will become even more widely available in the future.
This guy takes tokes that would topple a mule. One of his tokes would put me in a coma.
Stephen Payne is a 45-year-old guy from Vancouver, British Columbia, who’s been taking bong rips on the internet since 1997. In that time he’s built something of a brand around his own version of suburban stonerism with a blog, a live show, and 92,268 subscribers to his YouTube channel, Marijuana Man. See the trailer below if you want more on that.
Nearly all his videos, as you might have guessed, feature Steve getting fried on a variety of bongs supplied by his sponsors. And most of the 569 videos are shot in what looks like his parents’ basement, wearing mostly pajamas.
In the video below, Marijuana Man suggests his stash is running low.